The Front-End Challenge: Five Steps to Effective Evaluation of Community-Based Programs

Evaluation research requires ample front end work. Preparatory work is essential to establish an environment conducive to assessment and is likely to contribute to its success. This article discusses the front end challenge of developing an evaluation for a community-based program. Highlights are provided of an evaluation protocol from one community support agency to illustrate the significance of front end work.

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Through the Looking Glass: What Happens when an Evaluator's Program is Evaluated

This paper reports on an occasion where the author, an experienced evaluator, became the client of an evaluation. This reversal led the author to reflect on the role of the client in an evaluation. The article records the thoughts and impressions of a client as his program was being evaluated. The discussion section focuses on the roles and obligations of, respectively, the client and the evaluator.

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The Effectiveness of Community Employment Programs for Social Assistance Recipients: An Evaluation of the City of Winnipeg's Community Services Programs

The City of Winnipeg's community services programs (CSPs) are examples of the "work experience" approach to helping social assistance recipients find employment. Like other evaluations of work experience programs, this assessment finds the CSPs effective and cost-beneficial, in the short run, in reducing dependency on social assistance. Unlike most program assessments, however, this evaluation measures participants' length of involvement in the program and finds there is an optimal duration of involvement.

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A Historical Perspective on Federal Program Evaluation in Canada

Federal program evaluation has been a central force in defining the history of evaluation activities in Canada. This article reviews the key policy issues that underlie federal program evaluation by analyzing the historical context within which the federal evaluation function evolved.

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Using self-report measures to lower the cost of population heart health assessment in New Brunswick

This paper describes the development and feasibility testing of a multivariate equation that uses self-report information rather than physiological measures to estimate coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in a population sample of New Brunswick adults with no reported history of heart disease. The multivariate Framingham risk prediction model, which uses a variety of selfreport and physiological measures to estimate CHD risk, was first used to calculate CHD risk in the population sample.

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Evaluation of the Hartmobile Health Promotion Program

There is an increasing demand for the evaluation of expenditure and regulatory measures undertaken by the European Union in order to improve accountability and achieve "value for money" objectives. At the most general level, the task of organizing evaluation systems for these programs falls to the European Commission. Historically, the commission has focused on developing policies rather than monitoring or delivering them. With the maturing of certain policy areas, the commission's role is shifting in the direction of review and evaluation.

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Evaluating evaluation in the European Commission

There is an increasing demand for the evaluation of expenditure and regulatory measures undertaken by the European Union in order to improve accountability and achieve "value for money" objectives. At the most general level, the task of organizing evaluation systems for these programs falls to the European Commission. Historically, the commission has focused on developing policies rather than monitoring or delivering them. With the maturing of certain policy areas, the commission's role is shifting in the direction of review and evaluation.

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Linking East and West Bangladesh: The Jamuna Bridge Project

The Jamuna Bridge project is a case that illustrates an integrated approach to project appraisal. An integrated approach allows analysts to examine financial, ecc, distributive, and risk analysis in conjunction with each other such that no single aspect is left to be examined in isolation. The ecc analysis, which looks at the project's impact on Bangladesh's overall ec, presents a method of computing the real ecc benefits of the bridge, including savings in vehicle operating costs, and the value of time savings gained by passenger and freight traffic.

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Risk-Sharing Contracts in Project Appraisal

This article discusses how to adapt Monte Carlo simulation techniques for the analysis of risk-sharing contracts. It outlines parallels with contingent claims analysis of risk-sharing contracts, and discusses the roles and effects of the different basic types of risk contracts in managing risk and improving the feasibility of projects, particularly large-scale resource and utility contracts.

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The Trend Scenario Method in Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Model for the Evaluation of Occupational Safety and Health Regulations

This article outlines the trend scenario method of analyzing costs and benefits in Canadian federal government occupational safety and health regulations. The trend scenario enables a comprehensive cost-benefit evaluation model involving past trends and parameter projections, which improve reliability of and control over the predicted results, as long as the assumptions and parameters are carefully documented and qualified. Inherent biases and limitations of this trend scenario method are also discussed.

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