The Treasury Board of Canada introduced on July 1, 2016 new policy instruments for evaluation. In particular, a new Policy on Results replaces the 2009 Policy on Evaluation. A new Directive on Results replaces the Directive on the Evaluation Function as well as the Standard on Evaluation for the Government of Canada, both dating from 2009.
The objectives of the policy and directive are: 1) to improve the achievement of results across government; and 2) to enhance the understanding of the results government seeks to achieve, does achieve, and the resources used to achieve them.
The Policy on Results contains an appendix that provides several definitions, including:
"Evaluation: In the Government of Canada, evaluation is the systematic and neutral collection and analysis of evidence to judge merit, worth or value. Evaluation informs decision making, improvements, innovation and accountability. Evaluations typically focus on programs, policies and priorities and examine questions related to relevance, effectiveness and efficiency. Depending on user needs, however, evaluations can also examine other units, themes and issues including alternatives to existing interventions. Evaluations generally employ social science research methods."
Among the appendices for the Directive on Results is one defining the standard on evaluation. Of particular significant to the CES and to federal evaluators is requirement 4.4.12 of the Directive which reads as follows: "Heads of evaluation [...] are responsible for the following: [...] ensuring that departmental evaluators have opportunities to develop their competencies and to earn evaluation-related designations or certifications from recognized professional associations and certifying bodies." This means that it should become easier for federal evaluators to obtain their superior's approval to invest in obtaining the CES Credentialed Evaluator designation.