Honorable mention, Student Essay Award, 2001

Title: Des affrontements perpétuels en évaluation

Nathalie attends École nationale d'administration Publique, in Public Policy Analysis, under the supervision of Richard Marceau.

Summary: Evaluation involves a great number of first and second-level skills. First-level skills fall under two "hard cores", which are not unlike two dense masses whose basic components evolve ever so slowly and subtly. These two "hard cores" are protected by safety belts representing the dynamic environments of the first-level skill. Within these belts, the authors propose and defend various theories and hypotheses supporting and solidifying the two "hard cores". The second evaluation skill level, which corresponds to the empirical ground, evolves quickly and continually adapts to the fundamentals retained by the "hard cores" and protected by safety belts. An analysis of these two skill levels leads to two observations concerning the two reflection and evaluation dynamics, which comprise different authors who are not directly interested in the same skill levels. This has three major effects on the practice of evaluation: (1) the explanation of the choice of methodology, which is not simply limited to the paradigm to which the author subscribes, (2) the unreported use of the methodologies, and (3) the appearance of evaluation "salespeople" concepts.