valuation des besoins en psychiatrie : Aspects theoriques et confrontation de deux approches
This paper examines theoretical, technical and operational aspects of need assessment in mental health. Need assessment methodologies are surveyed whether they are based on clinical or statistical prediction. Assessment tools issued from these perspectives are discussed in terms of psychometric properties, acceptability for users, costs and exhaustivity of prescribed services.
Program Logic Models: Expanding Their Role and Structure for Program Planning and Evaluation
Schematic representations of a program sometimes referred to as program logic models, have been used for a number of years as a means of' clarifying the purposes of a program and casual the assumptions on which it is based. This is paper discusses some of the benefits of expanding the structure of these logic models by clearly separating implementation and outcome objectives within the objectives hierarchy of the program. Benefits of constructing these logic models for program planning and other purposes are also discussed.
The Evaluation of Public Applied Research Laboratories
Evaluation of science and technology policies often poses major problems. Our focal point will be one of the most important public interventions in science and technology: public laboratories. A brief historical overview of the political context surrounding the evaluation of public applied research laboratories in Canada and in Quebec is presented as well as an examination of various methods available to evaluate these laboratories and the principal problems which confront evaluators. The paper concludes by proposing a method by which production and diffusion of knowledge of a public research laboratory can be measured. The method uses bibliometric scientometric and other techniques.
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Vocational Rehabilitation Services
This article employs the concept of production functions to assess the cost effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation services. It presents analysis that yields an evaluation of 100% effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation services delivered to severely disabled client as compared to the effectiveness of services delivered to others. The analysis reveals the difficulties inherent in evaluating service programs whose outcome is dependent on their clients' prior characteristics.
Faudrait-il établir le modèle d'évaluation avant, pendant ou après l'évaluation d'un programme?
An experimental evaluation of the sexology program was conducted at the University of Quebec at Montreal. Managers of the program, students, teachers and individuals and groups directly or indirectly involved in sexology look part in the Hammond evaluation. This article deals with the evaluation model inspired by Hammond Stake and Tyler. Questions raised at the outset by the institution about the objectives of all its baccalaureate programs and managers' concems about meeting the needs of future work situations led to the emergence of this model. Other circumstances did not fit the model. The final application of the model is presented. Questions are raised about the fate in program evaluation of models modified during the evaluation process.
The Games Behind the Structure: An Evaluation of the Budgetary Process in the Quebec Health Care System
This paper analyses the budgetary process of the Quebec health and social services system from three different perspectives: chronological, i.e. a retrospective longitudinal analysis of its evolution over the last fifteen years; systemic, i.e. a logistical study of the budgetary process defined as an organizational decision-making system; and micro-political, i.e. a strategic analysis of the dynamic behavior of the actors involved in this process. The triangulation of these three approaches helped to evidence the nature and extent of the political gamesmanship taking place within this process and the limits of the budgetary process defined as a rational decision making system. From a methodological point of view, this research is an illustration of the Use of mutiple perspectives in the evaluation of complex organizations. Finally, this case study research was used as a basis for assessing the dynamics of the Quebec health and social services system's functioning within the framework of its global evaluation by a commision of enquiry system.