L'évaluation de programme en santé communautaire : une question de négociation
Community health departments (CHD) are responsible for planning and evaluating both preventive and promotional health programs. The CHDs may carry out these evaluations as they see fit. However, as we shall see the usual evaluation practices are not always appropriate in dealing with community groups. This article suggests that current practices in community health program evaluation be widened so that they may better suit their context.
L'évaluation des programmes d'intervention en milieu naturel
In the health and social sciences field, recent treatment and service policies advocate interventions. Programs that are directed at social reintegration, aut and maintenance in the individual's normal environment are increasingly frequent. From an evaluative point of view, such programs have constraints with which the evaluator is unfamiliar: difficulty in defining the boundaries of the program (the importance of the envirornment's resources); the multiplicity of the objectives (depending upon the client's situation); the comprehensive nature of the objectives (reintegration and aut); varying lengths of exposure to the program (from crisis intervention to long-term follow-up). This article reiterates the distinction between evaluative research and program evaluation within these new evaluation contexts and suggests a variety of strategies that may be followed. Protocol planning, selection of indicators, and analytical models are discussed.
Monitoring and Evaluating Community Action Projects: A Case Study
Community action projects undertaken by the staff of the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario aim to involve community members in establishing or .improving programs and policies concerning the prevention and treatment of substance abuse. This article describes ways in which such projects ects are monitored and evaluated. All projects have a built-in evaluation component that yields information on target groups, clients, inputs and the programs and policies established or improved as a result of the project. For some projects this component assesses the impacts of new or improved services or policies on target groups. The impacts of the Foundation's community action projects are also evaluated in projects conducted by Foundation scientists. Some advantages and limitations of these arrangements are considered.
A Framework for Evaluating the Planning and Development of a New Community
The planning and development of new communities is a challenging and expensive venture. This article describes the framework and methods employed to evaluate the use of socially sensitive planning in the development of Tumbler Ridge, a new coal-mining community in northeastern British Columbia. The authors describe how a set of social principles and design elements were used to develop an overall framework and detailed strategy for the evaluation. Central themes that emerged from this experience included the importance of documenting the development processes and context of the community; the utility of a multiple-method, multiple-perspective approach; the appropriateness of both quantitative and qualitative information; and the necessity of grounding such an evaluation in the community through discussion, negotiation, responsiveness, and timely provision of results.
Auditing and Evaluation in the Government of Canada: Some Reflections
The paper describes the evolution of the Office of the Auditor General and the expansion of the mandate of the OAG. It argues that the OAG now actively conducts meta-evaluation and process evaluation studies. The analysis suggests that the OAG is becoming more interested in rationale or impact evaluations. It concludes that the effects of OAG involvement in rationale-based evaluations is likely to be significant both in terms of the political process and the evolution of evaluation policy within the Government of Canada.