A Framework for Characterizing the Practice of Evaluation, with Application to Empowerment Evaluation

As the evaluation profession experiences a widening diversity of theory, method, and practice, there is a growing need for some means of characterizing significant similarities and differences in evaluation approaches. To that end, a framework is presented which consists of six aspects: context, purpose and social role, phna of interest, procedural rules, methods of justification, and sanctions. The utility of the framework is illustrated through its application to a current debate concerning the theory and practice of Empowerment Evaluation.