"Advocates Change the World; Evaluation Can Help": A Literature Review and Key Insights from the Practice of Advocacy Evaluation

It is only since the new millennium that assessments of policy and systems change initiatives have been given much attention in practice or in research. A comprehensive literature review of advocacy in human services non-profit organizations (NGOs) has found a "lack of systemic, rational evaluation and measurement of the effectiveness of advocacy." Similarly, in a survey of 211 NGOs that undertake advocacy, only one in four (24.6 percent) reported that this work had been evaluated.