Jasmin Bhawra


Book Review: Anne Markiewicz and Ian Patrick. (2016). Developing Monitoring and Evaluation Frameworks. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE


Monitoring and evaluation have distinct, yet complementary roles in program planning and development. As Markiewicz and Patrick state, “Monitoring generates questions to be answered in evaluation, and evaluation studies identify areas that require future monitoring” (p. 13). While there is an overlap in information sources, organization, and methodology, there are key differences between monitoring and evaluation (M&E) with respect to the main stakeholders involved, purpose, timing, and scope. The complementarity between these two processes often results in confusion about their roles, so either M&E are sometimes conflated or core steps can be missed entirely. When M&E are undertaken by organizations thoughtfully, programs are able to obtain a complete picture of their performance and impact.