Subject to certain restrictions, the Canadian unemployment insurance ( UI ) system permits insurance benefit recipients to work and supplement the UI benefits. Although this provision relating to the treatment of earnings during the benefit period under the UI (now called EI) Act had been in operation for many years, hardly anything is known about the extent to which this provision is utilised and what impact this has had on their UI benefit period.
This study addresses the question of whether immigrants in general and relatively recent cohorts of immigrants in particular use the unemployment insurance program more extensively than native-born Canadians. For analytical purposes two databases — microdata from the 1981 and 1991 censuses — are merged. Multivariate logit regression analysis shows that after all factors are controlled for, immigrants in general had a lower probability of using UI than Canadians.
This article reports on the different methods of investigation employed to detect noncompliance with UI regulations, and their relative effectiveness. It considers a previous evaluation of the Unemployment Insurance Program for which a national random sample of UI claimants was selected from the active claimload and referred to Investigation and Control Officers for in-depth enhanced investigations. Results of these investigations, along with details of the specific control and investigation activities, were reported for analysis.