Evaluators of community-based programs frequently need to decide whether to adopt an inductive or deductive approach in developing quantitative outcome measures. This article explores this issue using a case example of a child anti-poverty program called City Kidz. Its recent evaluation combined an inductive and deductive approach to develop a survey. The article describes the City Kidz evaluation and its survey before assessing the value of the survey, considering internal consistency and various aspects of validity. The article concludes with a discussion about the factors that helped and hindered the appropriateness of the survey in light of the inductive and deductive approaches used.