Elizabeth Stephens, Psychology Department, University of Guelph

Honorable mention, Student Essay Award, 2003

An Outward Bound Women of Courage (WOC) course for women survivors of violence was evaluated using a pre-course, post-course, and follow-up design. Women participants from a Women's Empowerment Program (WEP), who were not victims of violence, served as a non-equivalent control group for the study. Results indicated that there were few significant differences between WOC and WEP participants. However, quantitative and qualitative results revealed that WOC participants experienced significant improvements in feelings of well-being, self-esteem, physical self-efficacy, and beliefs concerning safety, intimacy, trust and control from pre-course to post-course and that most of the improvements were still apparent at the one-month follow-up.